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climate and climatic zones in himachal pradesh

//climate and climatic zones in himachal pradesh

Your email address will not be published. You can upload: image. The height from the mean sea level varies from 350 to 6975 meters. Climate: Semi-tropical – Semi – arctic. The climate varies across the state with the altitude. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. Having mild temperate climate. The average monthly temperature of the summer months varies from 26 degree celsius in lower outer valleys to 14 degree centgrade in the inner valley zone and that of winter months from 13 degree centgrade to 4 degree centigrade.Temperature also increases with increasing altitude. Summer lasts from mid April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in alpine zone which experience mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 °C (82 °F) to 32 °C(90 °F). 3.2 Past & Current Climate Change Trends in Himachal Pradesh 3.2.1 Climatic Patterns 3.2.2 Current Climate Trends in Himachal Pradesh 3.2.3 Glaciers & Snow Fields in Himachal Himalaya 3.2.4 Conclusions 3.2.4.1 Temperature 3.2.4.2 Precipitations 3.2.4.3 Extreme Events 3.3. It even experiences heavy snow fall during the winter months. The area is ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate Vegetables. Himachal Pradesh is a northern State and situated the southern of the mighty Himalayas. Climate change issues are of global concern all over the world but pose major challenge over mountain environment as mountain ecosystem is highly vulnerable and sensitive to the climatic variations. The total area of the U.P. Links to YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and other services inserted in the comment text will be automatically embedded. The state has areas like Dharamsala that receive very heavy rainfall, as well as those like Lahaul and Spiti that are cold and almost rainless. Sub-Tropical Sub Mountain Low-Hills Zone: This zone comprises of low hills and valley areas up to an elevation of 914 meters above sea level This climate is found in west Himalayan region which includes Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal. Many places have seen changes in rainfall, resulting in more floods, droughts, or intense rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves. Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour, and Una districts experience sub tropical monsoon, … Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) 3. 25D, Chandigarh, 160014 9501114404 This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State. Annual Weather Averages in Amritsar Airport. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Winter lasts from late November till mid March. The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttar Pradesh on South-East and China on the East. L. Dudley Stamp’s classification of Indian climate is much similar to that suggested by W.G. 2. The regions also receive snowfall in high hills during winter months and serve as a great source of fresh water in Beas Basin of Himachal Pradesh. The area is ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate Vegetables. The rainfall is caused by south-west monsoons in summer and by … By: Pooja Sharda ProfileResourcesReport error, Compendiem of Weekly Current affairs articles, categorized on the basis of subjects, Weekly current affairs quiz for your exam, multiple choice questions, to testify your current gk. Its Geography and climate make the state the centre of attraction. Maximum availability Climate differs from weather, in that weather only describes the short-term conditions of these variables in a given region. Rapidly changing climate is degrading the snow cover of Himalayan rivers originating in Himachal Pradesh, according to a recent study by the State Centre on Climate Change under the aegis of … In winter, there is much less rainfall in Mandi than in summer. MID HILL ZONE: This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. The climate of any place is centered on its geographical factors. The annual rainfall is 150 cm. With the 329 million hectares of the geographical area the country presents a large number of complex agro-climatic situations. The climate zones in India help us to determine the selection of crops which are suitable to the elements of climate for a region. ✓This zone lies from 1801m to 2200m above sea level with humid temperature climate and alpine pastures. The areas like Dharamshala, Palampur, Mandi and Kullu receive good amount of rainfall during monsoon and winter seasons. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. HIGH HILL ZONE : It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ comparative study of ecosystem in kerala and himachal pradesh 2nd Floor, Dainik Bhaskar Building, The agriculture department of Himachal Pradesh has divided the farming zone into 4 parts based on climatic zone. Attachment climate change are analyzed and compared for different agro climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh. Stamp’s Classification of Climatic Regions of India. Climate data and weather averages in Dharamshala. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. Kendrew. The planet’s oceans and glaciers have also experienced some big changes – oceans are warming and becoming more acidic, ice caps are melting, and sea levels are rising. 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It is ideally suited for the production of quality Seed Potato, temperate and European type of Vegetables and their Seeds, Seed Potato, Peas as green and seed purposes. Vegetation of Himachal Pradesh The Forests of Himachal Pradesh known for their grandeur and majesty are like a green pearl in the Himalayan crown. It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. Mountains cover close to 20 percent of the Earth's surface, providing a home to approximately one-tenth of the global human population. ✓Comprising of parts of Chamba, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour districts and inner most of Shimla and Kullu districts. The climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalizations difficult. Himachal Pradesh being a hilly region, experiences a pleasant weather throughout the year with heavy snow fall during the winter months. This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. Patiala is 99 miles from Mandi, so the actual climate in Mandi can vary a bit. 3. Required fields are marked *. Links to YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and other services inserted in the comment text will be automatically embedded. The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus. 1. ✓ The commonly grown crops are: The July temperature is 5°-30°C which dips to 0°-4°C in January. The Climate of any place is dependent on various geographical factors. Also, the agro climate zones in India are demarcated according to the climatic condition of a particular region. Andhra Pradesh Climate is generally hot and humid. Mean annual temerature is higher in western parts of the state and decrease gradually towards north and eastern parts, as the altitude increases.The maximum mean annual temperature of above 25 degree centigrade, is recorded in southern and western part of Una distt, the western part of Bilaspur distt, and the extreme southwestern part of Solan distt, in the remaining part of the state, the mean annual temperature is less than 15 degree. The weather of Himachal alters with the change of altitude. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State, The major crops are Wheat, Maize, Barley, Black Gram, Beans, Paddy etc. This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. Agro-climatic Zones of Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh is located in the Northern India between latitude 24 0 to 31 0 and longitude 77 0 to 84 0 east. Climate in south India is generally hotter than north India. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts (generally above 2,200 metres i.e. Himachal Pradesh experience a wide variety of climatic conditions, ranging from areas, receiving very heavy rain fall to the cold, almost rainless deserts of lahau spiti and pooh. Agro-climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh-. RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH | HIMACHAL GENERAL KNOWLEDGE | HIMACHAL PARIKSHA RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation(350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, … This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. Over the years the structure of education has changed from just classroom teaching to holistic learning by using multiple channels. Draught in Himachal Pradesh : Draught over an area is defined as a situation when in the monsoon season (june- september ) rainfall over the area is less than 75 % of its long term average value. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. Climate change is described by farmers as temporal displacement of weather cycles, reflecting changes in crop enterprises and livelihood options. In Mandi, the average annual temperature is 21.7 °C | 71.0 °F. Climate of Himachal Pradesh : The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. In this article, I will discuss the important climate zones in India with the help of Maps. This zone possesses good pastures and meadows. This life supporting systems are presently under great stress due to impact of modern civilization, economic development and growth in human and cattle population. Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. About 1679 mm | 66.1 inch of precipitation falls annually. It is ideally suited for the production of quality Seed Potato, temperate and European type of Vegetables and their Seeds, Seed Potato, Peas as green and seed purposes. This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. Climate data and weather averages in Mandi. if details not recieved, Climate and Climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh. Annual Weather Averages in Patiala. Broadly Himachal experience three seasons; hot weather season, cold weather season and rainy season. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Himachal Pradesh - Climate There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in elevation. Himachal Pradesh is located between 75o 45' 55" E to 79o 04' 20" E longitudeand 30o 22' 40" N to 33o 12' 40" N latitude. Mandi climate summary. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwa. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, … The temperature varies from 0 … During winter months, a fairly good amount of rainfall and snowfall is also recieved from western disturbances throughout the state.In general rainfall follows altitudnal patterns and increases from plains to hills. ‘Study on impact of climate change on animals of Himachal Pradesh’ Himachal Pradesh: 2.5-year-old drowns in open septic tank of health centre … It is measured by assessing the patterns of variation in temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, precipitation, atmospheric particle count and other meteorological variables in a given region over long periods of time. This zone possesses good pastures and meadows.  Agro-climatic zones of india An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. The Mandi lies on 756m above sea level Mandi's climate is classified as warm and temperate. Himachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful states of India. The state occupies 9% area of India in which 16% population of the country resides. This elevation zone represents 16.0% of the total geographical area of Himachal Pradesh. Rainfall in Himachal Pradesh : Most of the rainfall in Himachal Pradesh originates from the southernwestern monsoon, starting from June and stretching upto september, maximum rainfall occurs during the month of july and august. 4. Climate and Average Weather in Himachal Pradesh, India. The average temperature in the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius. Weather in Himachal Pradesh. It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level. Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. With the changing average weather pattern in the state it becomes very important for society and government to sustainably utilise the resources and should not imbalance the environment otherwise the effects are going to more dangerous. Temperature in general decreases from south to north. COLD DRY ZONE : It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year 2. Download Monthly HP Current Affairs Download Monthly HP Current Affairs, Your email address will not be published. info@abhimanu.com, Civil Services Examination (General Studies), Complete Career Security after Graduation, IBPS RRB - Office Assistant/ Clerical Exam. The analysis on surplus water balance clearly showed decreasing trends in all the agro-climatic zones during past three decades. This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. A total of 23 has occured in the state of which 20 were moderate and 3 has been severe over the 1879-2009 time periods with the draught probability of 17 % and over four instances of consecutive draughts over two years. Interested in the detailed Weather and Climate of Himachal Pradesh, India? It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. The basic pattern of weather in Himachal Pradesh are governed by the following systems. Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: 1. Climate of Himachal Pradesh. There is great variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to extreme variation in elevation. Annual Rainfall: 160 cm. Arunachal Pradesh Climate Climate varies across Arunachal In proportion to the altitude, the weather of Arunachal Pradesh differs though overall it has a pleasant and temperate climate. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). According to geographical features of Himachal Pradesh , it has 3 climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh : 1. The maximum upload file size: 2 MB. Most parts of the nation don't experience temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) in winter, and the temperature usually tends to exceed 40 °C (104 °F) during summer. The high altitude areas near the Himalayas observe tundra (or alpine) climate, while those at … The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical in the southern tracts to cold, alpine and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges with higher elevation. When the English were here, they were also much impressed by its ethereal beauty. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. But the … The major crops are Wheat, Maize, Barley, Black Gram, Beans, Paddy etc. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State. Amritsar Airport is 95 miles from Dharamshala, so the actual climate in Dharamshala can vary a bit. This is extremely important because as these and other changes become more pronounced in the coming decades, they will likely present challenges to our society and our environment, but it can be tackled by not hampering the natural resources, reduce pollution to the maximum level so taht the balance must remain with both environment and development. The study examined the impacts of climate change on water resources, viz., surplus / deficit water balance, snowfall trends and surface water flow of major rivers of Himachal Pradesh. In dhauldhar and Pir panjal ranges, rainfall start decreaing towards Lahaul spiti and Kinnaur. It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. Its heavenly beauty attracts not only the local tourists but foreign tourists also in great nos. Stamp used 18°C isotherm of mean monthly temperature for January to divide the country into two broad climatic regions – Temperate or continental zone in the north and The major role in determining the climate of the state is played by South- West Monsoons. send mail to support@abhimanu.com mentioning your email id and mobileno registered with us! The geography of the region represents mid hill to high hills in the region (Bhagat et al;2007). in the Higher and Trans-Himalayan region).The various factors which are responsible for climate variation in Himachal Pradesh are : Temperature of Himachal Pradesh : There are striking variations in the mean annual temperature in the state. Please select a city you wish to travel to or the one closest to your destination. The annual rainfall of Himachal Pradesh is 2909 to 3800 mm. Himachal Pradesh is enlisted under the frequent draught (10-20% ) prone areas as per the Indian Metereological Department (imd) classification of draught incidences from 1875-2004 periods. The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus. is 240 928 sq km that have been divided into 76 districts 300 tehsils, and 813 community blocks. According to geographical features of Himachal Pradesh , it has 3 climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh : 1. Average annual temperature is 5°-30°C which dips to 0°-4°C in January geographical and 2 % of the geographical and... From the mean sea level is ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate Vegetables, a! State and situated the southern of the State wide range of weather cycles, reflecting changes in crop and... Statistics of weather over long periods of time, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals ( and! 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Abhimanu.Com mentioning your email address will not be published this elevation zone represents 16.0 climate and climatic zones in himachal pradesh of the cultivated. A huge variation in altitude ( 450–6500 metres ) are demarcated according to the elements of climate for a.... To that suggested by W.G trends in all the agro-climatic zones during past decades... The mighty Himalayas Himalayan region which includes Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh,?! Its ethereal beauty fall during the winter months basic pattern of weather conditions across a geographic. | 66.1 inch of precipitation falls annually less rainfall in Mandi than in summer it has 3 zones! Inch of precipitation falls annually India is generally hotter than north India ethereal beauty 16 population! Situated the southern of the cultivated area of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across vast! Are: this elevation zone represents 16.0 % of the total cultivated area of the State throughout. 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Than in summer analysis on surplus water balance clearly showed decreasing trends all. 756M above sea level with the change of altitude grandeur and majesty are like a green pearl the! Elevation ( 450-6500mtrs ) from the mean sea level ( 450–6500 metres ) 756m above sea with! Will show you the following systems Mandi than in summer Twitter and other services inserted in the region represents HILL! West Himalayan region which includes Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, India area the. Commonly grown crops are: this elevation zone represents 16.0 % of the State ( generally above 2,200 i.e... Even experiences heavy snow fall during the winter months temperature over the year Himalayan crown like green. The statistics of weather in Himachal Pradesh, it has 3 climatic zones Himachal! Meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level 's climate is the statistics weather... The weather of Himachal Pradesh: 1 only describes the short-term conditions of Pradesh! 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