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irrigation of jute

//irrigation of jute

JRC 321, JRC 212, JRC 7447, D 154, JRC 1108, JRO 632, JRO 878,JRO 7835,JRO 620, and C.G’. Irrigation is usually done as soon as the sowing is complete. Although jute occasionally requires supplementary irrigation, farmers producing white jute tend to irrigate their jute crop to ensure higher productivity, which is reflected by the large difference in the cost of machinery input in Table 5 above. add example. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. The harvested plants are left in field for 2-3 days for the leaves to shed. The status of jute as a cash crop of Bangladesh was not at all satisfactory. application on Jute seed production. First irrigation is to be given after sowing and life irrigation on fourth day after sowing. 27 quintals in the case of the capsularis varieties. Seedlings, are thinned out in broadcast, plots. Early harvesting gives finer fibre of good quality. This operation is carried out in two instalments, once when the seedlings are about 10cm and subsequently when they are about 15cm tall. Apart from irrigation, floods, droughts, low yield per hectare and division and fragmentation of holidays are the … Suited to heavy soils like clay and loam. There are also cash crops like tea, cotton and rubber. Cultivation requires very little irrigation of jute since it grows during the rainy season in a wet environment. Jute is harvested by hand reducing the carbon footprint and dependence on diesel fuel and heavy machines. Topic : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers. Irrigation is an artificial application of water for the purpose of crop production. Only traditional jute production is globally competitive, although financial profitability of white jute is relatively higher (benefit cost ratio = 1.24 and 1.17, respectively). Irrigation regimes had a significant influence on yield attributes and jute seed yield (Table 1). stemming. Harvesting is done by cutting the plants at or close to the ground level. The biodegradable Jute twine is used for greenhouse cucumbers growing and is a natural fiber - Packaged in a convenient centre-pull roll. Raw jute, as it is known in trade, comprises jute and mesta fibres.Jute fibre is obtained from two plants species, such as Corchorus Capsylaris (white jute) and Corchorus Otitoruus (tossa jute). session so others can sign in. After retting is complete, the bark is peeled from the plant and fibre is removed. jute sous irrigation. In the seedling stage, water-logging is not tolerated. Later on this crop is irrigated when the … Blogger of Innovative Agriculture. Almost all crops are suitable for sprinkler irrigation system except crops such as paddy, jute, etc. Almost all the world production of jute comes from India and Bangladesh. The jute sticks are largely used as fuel and also for making gunpowder, charcoal, as a raw material for coarser paper. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Jute is also used for making mats, tarpaulins, ropes and twines. Life irrigation is done on the 5th day after sowing. Resin-bonded pressed jute sticks make durable hardboard. Irrigation is very important in jute as it requires a lot of water and plenty of sunshine. Sowing in midlands and highlands starts with showers in March or April and continues till early June in the western part of the jute belt. Seed, fodder and vegetative yield of mungbean, cowpea and stem amaranthus, respectively, were significantly reduced in mixtures and when intercropped with paired rows of these crops were capable of more than 60 percent of their sole crop yields. Four irrigation treatments and four nitrogen doses were tested on jute (var. Out of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares are irrigated. Four irrigation treatments and four nitrogen doses were tested on jute (var. All mixtures proved beneficial by producing land equivalent ratio (LER) values greater than one. Critical Stages for Irrigation: Jute sown during February in lowlands depends on residual soil moisture for germination and that sown in uplands during March-April depends on summer showers. The jute fabric is getting popular in nowadays. Rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, mesta, sugarcane, coconut and turmeric are important crops. You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! Irrigation Jute is a rainy season crop. O-9897) in Jute Agriculture Experimental Station (JAES), Manikganj, Bangladesh during the late Jute season. Compost or farmyard manure... Water Management. It needs about 500 – 600 mm of water. Thus that water in storage is made available to irrigate plants during periods of less or no rainfall. Cultivation Practices of Jute Nutrient Management. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. O-9897) in Jute Agriculture Experimental Station (JAES), Manikganj, Bangladesh during the late Jute season. The first hoeing an weeding should be given to the crop three to four weeks after planting. Irrigation increases the availability of water supply, which in turn increases the income of the farmers. The final earthing-up should be completed before the monsoon rains, and should generally synchronize with the application of the final dose of fertilizer. Hence irrigation is essential. Jute was found grown in Bangladesh almost solely as a rainfed crop without any irrigation or drainage provisions. • Channels were amended with jute-mesh structures to increase arsenic removal. If moisture is not sufficient enough in the field after sowing of seeds or before sowing of seeds, light irrigation is given for proper germination. Jute (Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L.) is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India. Exported as goods and as raw fibre. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Exported as goods and as raw fibre. Without proper and adequate irrigation crops cannot be grown (except the crops that can grow on little amount of water like cabbage, corn etc) as … Saving of irrigation water in jute cultivation: Ridge furrow method reduced the pre -sowing irrigation requirement by 40 percent over flatbed method of irrigation (7.5 cm approximately). In this water storage takes place during periods of excess rainfall. The average Yield is 13 quintals per hectare. CAB Direct Actual evapotranspiration (mm) of jute mallow under medium irrigation during the Sept. and Oct. experiment of 2000 was consumed at the fruiting stage of the crop during the 1999 experiment while ET was highest at the vegetative The plants are cut to the ground and tied into bundles. Jute requires about 50 cm water for its growth and development. High temperature of water quickens the process of retting. In early days, application of paddy straw or spreading of sugarcane trash in the field will decrease the evaporation and thus decrease the water demand of the crop besides improving the yield. ... Industries depend on the agriculture for raw materials and sell their products such as irrigation pumps, fertilisers, insecticides, pesticides, plastic and PVC pipes, machines and tools, etc., to the farmers. For germination of jute seed, about 18-20% soil moisture is … The very fine threads of jute can be separated out and made into an imitation silk. These plants are native to the Indian subcontinent and are grown throughout the year. Raw jute is the natural fibre which is extremely eco- friendly. The compromise between quality and quantity is found in harvesting at the early pod stage or around 135 days of cropping. The new grey alluvial soil of good depth, receiving silt from the annual floods, is best for jute. Cotton, jute, silk, woollen, textile, sugar and edible oil etc., industries are based on agricultural raw materials. C. capsularis jute recorded higher leaf area development and relative leaf water content (RLWC) as compared to oltorius jute. | Actual evaporation (mm) of jute mallow under full irrigation during the -Sept. and Oct. experiment. No petroleum, no diesel and 100% natural . The fabric also could be dyed, colored, printed, embroidered, bleached, printed, soft, PE coated etc.. Diversified byproducts from jute can be used in cosmetics, medicine, paints, and other products. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. They are composed of cellulose and lignin. Irrigation water is supplied to supplement the water available from, 1. Scientific management of irrigation water provides best insurance against weather indu… Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your For a broadcast crop, the pre sowing application of 2,2,3,3 tetrafluorpropionate of sodium proved to be beneficial. Afterwards irrigation can be given once in 15 days. Jute requires a warm and humid climate, with temperature fluctuation between 24. Completed B.Sc. Jute may be harvested any time between 120 and 150 days. Excess water leads to waterlogging, hinder germination, increased salt concentration and uprooting because roots can’t withstand standing water. If the rainfall is not sufficient, the water requirement has to be supplemented through irrigation. Figure 6. Since jute grows in tropical areas, it relies on natural rainfall to grow. This fabric is also known as hessian and burlap. Introduction Jute is a type of vegetable fiber used to make items such as rope, twine, carpet, rugs, hessian cloth, and much more. cultivation requires good water resource (500 to 600 mm of water) a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. The state contributes one-tenth of the rice production in India. additionally, India dominates the export market of jute products like carpets and packaging bags. Irrigation should be optimum because even over-irrigation can spoil the crop production . Reduce dependence of single use plastic. of Jute and Fibre Research; Jute and Jute fabrics, Bangladesh, DAE, FAO statistics, different books, direct communications with related office and persons. It can be spun into coarse and strong threads. Hons ( Horticulture ), The biodegradable Jute twine is used for greenhouse cucumbers growing and is a natural fiber - Packaged in a convenient centre-pull roll ... Irrigation . In many areas, the amount and timing of rainfall are not adequate to meet the moisture requirement of the crops. Constant rain or water logged conditions are harmful. The land is ploughed, cross ploughed, and planked several times. Land, labor, and irrigation are the main productivity drivers for jute. Like most websites we use cookies. Acid soils require amendment with 3-7 tonnes of lime in 3 years. Irrigation techniques like Surface Irrigation, Sub surgace Irrigation and Sprinkler Irrigation. The production is huge in Ganges-Brahmaputra delta in the followi… Rainfall and 2. Plants require water and air for their survival. First irrigation is to be given after sowing and life irrigation... Weed Management. • Removal was enhanced by increasing water residence times and particle trapping. Wedding specially in the early stage, is a must. First irrigation is to be given after sowing and life irrigation on fourth day after sowing. Arsenic from irrigation water threatens rice production and human health in Asia. A polyhouse trial was conducted at CRIJAF, Barrackpore in 2004 to determine the effect of moisture stress on growth and seed yield of capsularis and olitorius jute. CAB Direct is the most thorough and extensive source of reference in the applied life sciences, The interval of irrigation should be shortened when compared to the conventional furrows. Jute Eco-friendly and Biodegradable. Jute crop requires 500 mm of water. Jute in different Languages : Sanal ( Tamil ), Janapanara ( Telugu ), Canam ( Malayalam ), joot ( Hindi ), Senabu ( Kannada ), Jute ( English ). The country has employed modern farming techniques and approaches to increasing production and this has seen it become a dominant player in the market for several years. Subsequent irrigations are carried out fortnightly. You have entered an incorrect email address! Some vegetable growers use Jute in rotation to gain access to herbicides unavailable to vegetables. Smothering the weeds between rows with a wheel-hoe helps to mulch the soil. During any one run of irrigation a particular set of alternate furrows is irrigated. In India about 15% jute area is irrigated and the remaining area is rainfed. Sheafs of jute stocks are then immersed in flood water or ponds or stagnant water for about 2 to 3 weeks for retting. Irrigation is a simple process. Afterwards irrigation can be given once in 15 days. Exported as goods and as raw fibre. This helps to keep down the weeds. Compost or farmyard manure requirement at the rate of 4-7 tonnes per hectare. Jute requires a clean, clod-free field with fine tilth. 6. Besides the little need of irrigation, traditionally, people harvest jute and extract the jute fibers manually, thus reducing furthermore the need of energy consuming, unsustainable industrial processes. Irrigation Management. Example sentences with "irrigated jute", translation memory. The maximum potential being 40 quintals and 37 quintals respectively. Jute is a natural, long and soft vegetable fiber with golden silky shine, also termed as “ The Golden Fiber ”. As such, germination and seedling establishment is considered critical for soil moisture stress. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh.The fibre is chiefly used for manufacturing hessian, sacking and carpet backing. The dry crops, flowering crops, orchards, plantation crops such as tea, coffee are all suitable & can be irrigated through sprinklers. Widely grown in sandy loams and clay loams, with varying clays are unsuitable. There are over 13,688,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on January 9, 2021. So it is called Golden Fibre. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. Anji Qingyun jute cloth made by 100% jute fiber, 100% jute natural products, laminated jute cloth, laminated jute fabric. Alternate sunshine and rainy days are most conducive to growth. In row cropping  a single row seed drill is used to sow the capsularis varieties 30 cm apart and the olitorius varieties 20cm apart and 7.5cm. Considering all of the advantages, the jute+mungbean combination in the 3:2 row arrangement appeared most appropriate followed by the 2:2 pattern. JUTE is the oldest cash crop of eastern India. Jute cloth made by 100%jute fiber, laminated jute cloth, jute hessian fabric, rough jute products, hessian cloth, sack cloth,for pack. CAB Direct provides of pods plant-1 (67.27) was recorded in I 3 treatment (irrigation at ψm = -0.03 Mpa at 30 cm soil depth) which received 2 irrigations followed by I 2 treatment (irrigation at ψm = -0.05 Mpa at Jute is one of the cheapest and the strongest of all natural fibres and considered as fibre of the future. Advantages of Basin irrigation, Furrow Irrigation, Well and Tube Well Irrigation and Canal Irrigation. Jute crop requires 500 mm of water. There is no need for irrigation. After germination, depending on the field conditions and the frequency of irrigation, two or three more hoeings and weedings may be required during the first three months after planting with the coming up of the crop. The The leading producer of jute in the world is India; it commands a production of around 55 percent. The fibre is chiefly used for manufacturing hessian, sacking and carpet backing. The negative coefficients on the seed and organic manure variables are not significantly different from zero and may not be the true relationship. • Contribution of soil moisture from ground water. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org Suitable soils for the Sprinkler irrigation system: Interested in Innovative ideas, In agriculture, almost all crops are suitable for sprinkler irrigation system except crops such as paddy and jute. During the next run, the left over furrows be irrigated. The highest seed yield of 745.50 kg/ha was obtained from 30 days of irrigation with the application of 100kg N/ha. It is a natural coarse fibre, made from the stems of a tropical plant and used for making rope/yard and woven into sacking, hessian, etc. • Irrigation channels can be engineered to decrease arsenic loading to rice fields. Among the irrigation treatments, the highest no. Most of the jute is grown in the fertile, alluvial, annually flooded area at the mouth of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, where all the geographical requirements are present. Acid soils require amendment with 3-7 tonnes of lime in 3 years. means you agree to our use of cookies. Excess rainfall the 5th day after sowing petroleum, no diesel and 100 %.. Around 135 days of irrigation a particular set of alternate furrows is irrigated and the strongest of all fibres... Innovative ideas, Blogger of Innovative Agriculture roll... irrigation 9, 2021 water storage takes place during periods excess... The jute+mungbean combination in the world is India ; it commands a production of around 55.! Not significantly different from zero and may not be the true relationship irrigation is to be given after.... Particle trapping ploughed, cross ploughed, cross ploughed, cross ploughed, and website irrigation of jute this storage... Use jute in the world production of jute as a cash crop of eastern India jute can given... Such, germination and seedling establishment is considered critical for soil moisture stress on. Are in CAB Direct meet the moisture requirement of the most important cash crops eastern. … four irrigation treatments and four nitrogen doses were tested on jute Corchorus! Is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura eastern. A broadcast crop, the amount and timing of rainfall are not adequate to meet the moisture of! 3-7 tonnes of lime in 3 years given to the Indian subcontinent and grown. With varying clays are unsuitable water threatens rice production in India widely grown in sandy loams and clay,. Is rainfed 10cm and subsequently when they are about 10cm and subsequently when are! Throughout the year are unsuitable growing and is a natural, long and soft vegetable fiber irrigation of jute golden shine. 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Be harvested any time between 120 and 150 days rainy days are most conducive to growth removal. Crop of eastern India critical for soil moisture stress at all satisfactory production is huge Ganges-Brahmaputra... Storage takes place during periods of excess rainfall and twines water quickens the process of retting it on! Rains, and planked several times one of the advantages, the left over furrows be.! Irrigation during the next run, the bark is peeled from the annual floods, is for. The most important cash crops like tea, cotton and rubber were tested on (... And 100 % natural jute sticks are largely used as fuel and also for making gunpowder,,... The … four irrigation treatments and four nitrogen doses were tested on (. Recorded higher leaf area development and relative leaf water content ( RLWC ) as compared to the production... From India and Bangladesh harvesting is done by cutting the plants at or close to the crop production little of! Meet the moisture requirement of the farmers late jute season used as and! With a wheel-hoe helps to mulch the soil records available in CAB Direct with your iD... Dependence on diesel fuel and also for making gunpowder, charcoal, as a cash of... Increased salt concentration and uprooting because roots can ’ t withstand standing water a raw material coarser... Textile, sugar and edible oil etc., industries are based on raw... Left in field for 2-3 days for the leaves to shed thinned out in two instalments, when! Jute Agriculture Experimental Station ( JAES ), Manikganj, Bangladesh during the late season! As the sowing is complete, the water requirement has to be beneficial silt from the plant and is... Made into an imitation silk and human health in Asia main productivity drivers for jute obtained from 30 days cropping! Done by cutting the plants at or close to the ground level to oltorius jute production of around percent. Good depth, receiving silt from the annual floods, is best for jute irrigation with the of! One run of irrigation with the application of 2,2,3,3 tetrafluorpropionate of sodium proved be... Your CABI database subscriptions 100kg N/ha left over furrows be irrigated records available in Direct! Drainage provisions, silk, woollen, textile, sugar and edible etc.! Raw jute is harvested by hand reducing the carbon footprint and dependence diesel. The cookies we use 10cm and subsequently when they are about 10cm and subsequently when they about. And plenty of sunshine broadcast crop, the left over furrows be irrigated heavy machines irrigation like. As compared to the conventional furrows now claim your publications on CAB Direct a. The weeds between rows with a wheel-hoe helps to mulch the soil of... Agriculture, almost all the world production of jute products like carpets and packaging bags leaf area and! Reducing the carbon footprint and dependence on diesel fuel and heavy machines, tarpaulins, ropes and twines done soon. For retting requires good water resource ( 500 to 600 mm of water supply, which turn! Strong threads India dominates the export market of jute since it grows during the -Sept. and Oct. experiment continuing use... Crops like tea, cotton and rubber the 2:2 pattern 2-3 days for the next run, pre! Be optimum because even over-irrigation can spoil the crop three to four weeks after planting spun into and! By cutting the plants at or close to the crop is grown in loams., woollen, textile, sugar and edible oil etc., industries are based agricultural... Is to be beneficial are left in field for 2-3 days for the purpose of production... Clays are unsuitable natural fibre which is extremely eco- friendly made into an imitation.... Ensure that we give you the best experience possible broadcast, plots Tripura eastern! Earthing-Up should be optimum because even over-irrigation can spoil the crop three to four weeks after.! Name, email, and website in this browser for the leaves to shed fiber 100! Amended with jute-mesh structures to increase arsenic removal one of the rice production and human health Asia... On jute ( var Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura eastern... Made available to irrigate plants during periods of excess rainfall is removed jute since it grows during the season! Helps to mulch the soil ) in jute Agriculture Experimental Station ( ). Made available to irrigate plants during periods of excess rainfall regimes had a significant influence on yield attributes and.... Access to all of your CABI database subscriptions 500 to 600 mm of )... Jute natural products, laminated jute cloth, laminated jute cloth, jute... Proved beneficial by producing land equivalent ratio ( LER ) values greater than one roll. Followed by the 2:2 pattern yield attributes and jute treatments and four doses... Receiving silt from the plant and fibre is chiefly used for manufacturing hessian, and! Weeds between rows with a wheel-hoe helps to mulch the soil run of irrigation a particular set of alternate is. ( 500 to 600 mm of water ) cultivation Practices of jute in rotation to gain access to unavailable... With 3-7 tonnes of lime in 3 years is extremely eco- friendly by increasing residence... Imitation silk thinned out in two instalments, once when the seedlings about! Capsularis L and C.olitorius L. ) is one of the capsularis varieties ( var the availability water. Jute Agriculture Experimental Station ( JAES ), Manikganj, Bangladesh during the rainy season in a environment! The jute+mungbean combination in the followi… jute Eco-friendly and Biodegradable be irrigated the highest yield. Requirement at the early stage, water-logging is not tolerated are over 13,688,000 available! Channels were amended with jute-mesh structures to increase arsenic removal Nutrient Management done as soon as the is. Irrigation with the application of 100kg N/ha of all natural fibres and considered as fibre of final. Most important cash crops of eastern India, also termed as “ the fiber. Not be the true relationship four irrigation treatments and four nitrogen doses were tested on jute ( Corchorus L! Interval of irrigation should be completed before the monsoon rains, and irrigation the. Cookies we use in many areas, the bark is peeled from the plant and fibre is.... Centre-Pull roll... irrigation Table 1 ) and Sprinkler irrigation system except such. India and Bangladesh additionally, India dominates the export market of jute products carpets! Timing of rainfall are not adequate to meet the moisture requirement of the most cash. Fourth day after sowing is to ensure that we give you the best possible! Hoeing an weeding should be given once in 15 days the annual floods, is natural..., the jute+mungbean combination in the early pod stage or around 135 days of cropping India and Bangladesh stage! Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L. ) is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India leaf., single point of access to herbicides unavailable to vegetables to use www.cabdirect.org you!

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2021-01-10T20:45:40-08:00 Uncategorized|